Formal education is organized into three levels:
a) Preschool, which will include as a minimum a mandatory grade
b) Basic education, with a duration of nine grades that will be completed in two cycles: Basic primary education of five grades and basic secondary education of four grades
c) Middle Education or High School Education with a duration of two grades.
In Colombia education is defined as a process of personal, cultural and social permanent learning, based on a comprehensive understanding of the human person, its dignity, and its rights and duties.
Our Political Constitution includes the fundamental notes of the nature of educational services. It states, for example, that it is an individual right, a public service that has a social function and that the State is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of the final inspection and supervision of educational services in order to ensure their quality and compliance with its purposes, and for the best moral, intellectual and physical training of students.
It also states that adequate coverage of the service should be ensured, as well as the necessary conditions for minors to enter and remain in the education system.
The Colombian education system is made up of: early childhood education, preschool education, basic education (five grades of primary and four grades of secondary), high school education (two grades and ends with the bachelor's degree), and higher education.
The Vice-ministry of Preschool, Primary and Secondary Education supports the formulation and adoption of policies, plans and projects related to preschool, primary and secondary education, middle technical education at official and private levels, and minority population in the country.
Similarly, this unit is responsible for directing, coordinating and promoting, under the National Development Plan, the consolidation, development and implementation of the components of the educational system within their levels of competence, in key points of coverage, quality, relevance and efficiency.
The Vice-ministry of Preschool, Primary and Secondary Education was created as part of the organizational structure of the Ministry of National Education, with the reform that was introduced with Decree 2230 of 2003 and Decree 5012 of 2009